Entries by Ula Klobuszewska

A History of Anti-Ukrainian Sentiment in Poland

By Timothy Li Although I have not personally attended the marches and rallies celebrating the Independence Day of Poland on November 11, I was quite surprised by the footages I saw featuring a more negative side of Polish nationalist culture. As I watched the rallies I also began to pay attention to the slogans and […]

The Macedonian Crisis: A Tale of a Confused Nation

By Timothy Li When people hear about the name Macedonia, usually they would think of one man, and that man is no other than Alexander the Great. Though the conquests of this Macedonian conqueror are well known and documented, the exact ethnicity of this great man has led to historical debate, and the facts are […]

Irredentism in Orban’s Hungary

By Timothy Li One of the most memorable moments that I had while visiting Budapest was when looking at the flags on the Parliament building. While other countries that we have visited were adorned with European Union flags, the Hungarian Parliament building only displayed the national flag and strangely enough, the Szekelys’ flag. This is […]


By Ivan Laryionenka Lviv is one of those places that rarely leaves anyone without an opinion. After being established in the 13th century, the city went through series of wars, conflicts, attacks and peace treaties. It grew and developed the most under the Polish rule, but after the last partition in 1944 Lviv became a […]

The Rhetoric of Patriotism & Nationalism

By Diego Franco “The difference between patriotism and nationalism is that the patriot is proud of his country for what it does, and the nationalist is proud of his country no matter what it does…”  – Sydney J. Harris Where do we draw the line between national pride and racism? Is it divisive to be […]

Viewing the Past from the Present

By Leah Killian Berlin is filled with many monuments and statues. Walking around the city it is very hard to miss these markers of history. Each one was built for a different purpose, at a different time, by different people. The city remembers it’s past, both the good and the bad, through memorials. The Berlin […]

Train World

By Kaitlin Kurdziel When I was little, trains had always been a point of excitement. My dad is very fond of trains. We have always had a train layout set up in our home and every Christmas, a train runs around our Christmas tree. My dad use to drag my brothers along to see train […]

Losing Memories

By Kaitlin Kurdziel My visit to Auschwitz-Birkenau brought forth a variety of emotions that I am still not sure how to fully process. It was an overwhelming experience. The idea of 1.1 million deaths had always seemed unimaginable. It was a figure that was mentioned before in high school when studying the Holocaust but nothing […]

Things to Think About While Interacting with Memorials

By Deborah Sue-Ho Earlier in the semester, it made me livid that all we know about the Jewish, Romani, homosexual, Polish, Hungarian, Austrian, Soviet, German, Czechoslovakian people who died during the Holocaust and World War II were these categories ascribed by society. Their names, professions, hobbies, customs, personal stories can hardly be found. Everything we […]

The Destruction and Reconstruction of Warsaw

By Gabrielle Marzolf Within the Jewish community, it is a practice of remembrance to leave a stone or stack of stones on the grave of a loved one. There is no exact origin and reasoning behind this tradition, but one superstition is that the piles of stones keep the souls of the deceased in the […]